Pronouns 1: Personal Pronouns

 In Grammar help, Quick tips

Not being sure when or where to use pronouns is one of the simplest areas of your grammar to improve and will lead to an instant advancement of your fluency.

Students of all levels are great at correctly introducing a subject or object in a sentence by using either the ‘proper noun’ (names/titles/days/months etc), or ‘common noun’ (any general item). However, once the subject or object has been used in a sentence, it sounds a bit strange to a native English speaker if you repeat the same word again, this is where we need to use a pronoun instead.

There are seven different types of pronoun in the English language and over the next week I will be posting up one each day:

  1. Personal pronouns:

Personal pronouns can be used as either the subject or object:

  • We use he/him for men and she/her for women.
  • If we are not sure if we are talking about a man or woman, we use they/them.
  • When we are talking about more than one person we say we/us and they/them.

Examples:

– John took Sarah out for dinner, as a gift he (subject) gave her (object) some flowers.

– John and Sarah were surprised to see their best friends David and Kate, they (subject) saw them (object) on the train.

– Later John told his other friends about seeing David and Kate, they asked where he saw them, he said: “We (subject) saw them (object) on the train.”

Come back tomorrow for information on reflective pronouns.

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